FTLA News Update September 2012

Explore other news about

This news is missing similar interests
If this is your news, log in to add focus tags

Dear Member Groups,

 

You or your members may be interested in the following, apologies for any cross-postings. Please forward items to relevant to your members who may be interested. These emails are only sent to the group contact, and to Landcare support staff where listed.

 

Scroll down for:  LANDCARE LICENSE PLATES + SUCCESSFUL GROUPS TRAINING + ORIGIN ENERGY DEAL + CONSULTATIONS (ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION NEW RULES + NATIVE VEGETATION + FOOD PLAN + INVASIVE SPECIES) + EVENTS + NEWS & RESOURCES etc

 

 

AWARDS, GRANTS, OFFERS & OPPORTUNITIES

 

VICTORIAN LANDCARE LICENSE PLATES - ORDER NOW!

 

The first 100 Victorian Landcare Plates 000-LC to 099-LC are now available for purchase.

 

The purpose of Landcare Numbers Plates is to raise awareness, promote Landcare and raise much needed funds for Landcare Projects in Victoria.

 

Landcare Number Plates are available in standard and slimline format. See order form for pricing details.

 

The South Gippsland Landcare Network (SGLN) is administering and marketing Landcare Number Plates on behalf of Landcare in Victoria and must pay for the first 100 plates up front before they are issued. If sufficient plates are not sold by 30 November 2012 to cover the cost of the creation of Landcare number plates, they will NOT be produced and all money will be returned.

 

To ensure Landcare number plates become a reality, purchase your plate today.

 

Order form and supporting information available at http://www.sgln.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=25&Itemid=18 or call (03) 5662 5759.

 

Landcare Number Plates are special interest plates issued by Vicroads and as such are subject to all regulations governing registration in Victoria.

 

 

RIRDC RURAL WOMEN'S AWARD

 

The Award provides rural women with financial and practical support to implement their visions for primary industries and rural Australia, and to enhance their leadership and representative capacities. Each State and Territory winner will receive a $10,000 financial bursary to implement their Award vision.

 

Closing Date: 15th October 2012

 

Open to all women involved in primary industries and natural resource management.

 

 

BE NATURAL: GRAB A GARDEN GRANT, APPLY NOW

 

20 grants of up to $2,500 are available for volunteer community groups to work on projects such as building local community gardens or creating indoor edible gardens within community centres while aiming to get more volunteers involved across community oriented environmental projects.

 

http://www.landcareonline.com.au/?page_id=9166

close on Friday 26th October.

 

 

YATES AND JUNIOR LANDCARE LAUNCH KIDS’ ENVIRONMENTAL PHOTO AND VIDEO CHALLENGE

 

Whether it’s a farm, a suburban veggie patch or an apartment balcony herb garden, Yates and Junior Landcare are asking kids around Australia, “How does your backyard grow?”

 

The 2012 Yates Junior Landcare Backyard Challenge is getting kids to answer this question with a short film or series of photos, allowing them to showcase the unique aspects of their local environment. The challenge is a fantastic opportunity for young people to explore their backyards, learn how plants grow, and share what they have learnt with other kids and the wider community.

 

Closing Date: 16th November 2012

 

For more information go to: http://juniorlandcarechallenge.com.au/

 

 

ORIGIN ENERGY DEALS

 

The VFF has made their new electricity offers with Origin to FTLA Members: AVAILABLE NOW

 

Individual Landcarers or Groups with premises can take advantage of these offers by quoting your FTLA member id (as per the group membership list or landcare magazine: contact the FTLA if unsure!)

 

For business meters, you could cut your electricity usage charges by as much as 24% for 24 months:

•           A 20% base discount off energy usage charges

•           A 3% discount off energy usage charges when you pay your bill by the due date

•           A further 1% discount off energy usage charges if you pay by Direct Debit

 

And for residential meters, you could save up to 18% off your electricity usage charges for 24 months:

•           A 15% base discount off the energy usage charges

•           A 2% discount off energy usage charges when you pay your bill by the due date

•           A further 1% discount off energy usage charges if you pay by direct debit

 

To find out more, or to compare your current electricity rates against Origin’s new VFF member offer, call 1300 138 149 or visit www.originenergy.com.au/vff

 

Residential savings based on general domestic (GD) tariff. Savings are inclusive of GST. Average usage based on Origin VFF customer usage from offer one. Eligibility and availability criteria, minimum periods and terms and conditions apply.  Discount(s) applies only to the energy rate component of the Charges and not to any other components such as the green product or service to property components.  The pay on time discount does not apply to customers with an EasiPay payment plan (other than an EasiPay payment plan with direct debit).

 

 

CONSERVATION TILLAGE REFUNDABLE TAX OFFSET

 

From 1 July 2012, a 15 per cent refundable tax offset (RTO) is available on the purchase of new conservation seeding equipment.

 

For more information go to: www.daff.gov.au/climatechange/carbonfarmingfutures/rto

 

 

EVENTS

 

VIC: For more events in your region go to: http://www.landcarevic.net.au/events AND / OR http://www.landcareonline.com.au/donate/events-calendar/. For bushwalking activities check out http://vnpa.org.au/page/bushwalking-and-activities/event.

 

IS: For more events in your state go to: http://www.landcareonline.com.au/donate/events-calendar/

 

 

SECRETS TO SUCCESSFUL GROUPS TRAINING

 

The FTLA is running its Secrets to Successful Groups Training Program again in 2012. The Department of Sustainability & Environment (DSE) is supporting ten sessions across Victoria to assist Landcarers to improve the capacity and health of their groups and networks.

 

Each session will cover two or three topics from a number of available modules including:

•           Legal Duties & Governance

•           Employment & Employer Responsibilities

•           Effective Decision-making

•           Health & Safety

•           Managing the Books

•           Volunteer Recruitment & Succession

 

Sessions would be open to all Landcarers, Friends of groups, and anyone in the community involved with Landcare groups. Lunch and refreshments will be provided.

 

We have confirmed sessions at the following locations, please see the link for full session details:

 

Sea Lake – 28 September – 10:30 AM – 3:30 PM – Sea Lake Community Centre http://www.landcarevic.net.au/ftla/documents/secrets-to-successful-groups-training-2012/secrets-to-successful-groups-training-sea-lake-2012/at_download/file

 

Ballarat – 3 October – 10:30 AM – 3:30 PM – North Ballarat Football Club: http://www.landcarevic.net.au/ftla/documents/secrets-to-successful-groups-training-2012/secrets-to-successful-groups-training-ballarat-2012/at_download/file

 

Horsham – 4 October – 10:30 AM – 3:30 PM – Horsham Angling Club: http://www.landcarevic.net.au/ftla/documents/secrets-to-successful-groups-training-2012/secrets-to-successful-groups-training-horsham-2012/at_download/file

 

Melbourne – 9 November – 10:30 AM – 3:30 PM – Marland House, 570 Bourke Street: http://www.landcarevic.net.au/ftla/documents/secrets-to-successful-groups-training-2012/secrets-to-successful-groups-training-melbourne-2012/at_download/file

 

To RSVP for these sessions, please email ftla@vff.org.au or call 03 9207 5527 with your top preferences for sessions topics and the session location.

 

Additional sessions are currently being finalised at the following proposed dates and locations:

 

  • Warrnambool – 7 November TBC
  • Wangaratta – 27 November TBC
  • Shepparton – 28 November TBC
  • Bendigo – 29 November TBC
  • Lakes Entrance – 5 December TBC
  • Traralgon – 6 December TBC

 

 

INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT BILL INFORMATION SESSIONS

 

An opportunity for you to come along and talk to DPI staff about the proposed new Bill

 

Bairnsdale DPI Bairnsdale:

574 Main Street, Bairnsdale Tuesday 25 September 2012 10.30am until 1.30pm

 

Melbourne Best Western Airport Motel and Convention Centre:

33 Ardlie Street, Attwood Wednesday 26 September 2012 10.30am until 1.30pm

 

 

VICTORIAN LANDCARE FORUM 2012: LANDCARE - LIVING AND LEARNING TOGETHER

30-31 October 2012 - Geelong

 

Registrations are now open! This event will be a great opportunity for all Victorian Landcare professionals to come along to learn, share and collaborate together in many workshops, field trips and networking opportunities.

 

Only 130 places are available so make sure you book in early!  Please note registrations close 5pm Friday 28 September 2012 and any remaining places will be made available to the Landcare community.

 

Babysitting services will be available at Four Point Sheraton at no additional cost, if there is a dmand. Please email contact Tracey McRae on 5232 9100 or landcare_forum@ccma.vic.gov.auby 28th September for details.

 

For more information go to: http://www.landcarevic.net.au/news/victorian-landcare-forum-2012

 

 

MYRTLE RUST INFORMATION SESSION

 

DPI is holding a free information session on Myrtle Rust on 3rd October 2012 10am - 12pm at DPI. 621 Burwood Highway, Knoxfield.

 

 

SOUTH WEST SOILS CONFERENCE 2012

 

The inaugural South West Soils Conference will be held over Thursday and Friday  4 - 5  October in Warrnambool. The Conference presents soil as a complex, living system with a balance of biological, chemical and physical qualities.

 

Key speakers at the event are:

 

Dr Damian Bougoure, Soil Research Scientist, Biosciences Research Division, DPI

Dr Graham Lancaster, Director of the Environmental Analysis Laboratory (EAL) at Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW

Graham Shepherd, Soil Scientist, Director of BioAgriNomics (developer of the Visual Soil Assessment)

 

For more information go to:

http://www.ghcma.vic.gov.au/land/sustainable-farm-practices/south-west-soils-conference-2012/

 

PESTIVIRUS MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP

 

Cattle producers are invited to hear how they can protect their herd from Pestivirus losses.

Tallangatta  - 10th October

For more information go to: http://gallery.mailchimp.com/5381a2f70092cc72dd15e5fdd/files/Tallangatta_Pesti_Flyer.pdf

 

 

18TH AUSTRALASIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE

 

8-11th October in Melbourne

 

The conference will be addressed by Hon. Peter Walsh MLA, Victorian Government Minister for Agriculture and Food Security. Australian & international keynote speakers will address the conference on a wide range of highly relevant topics & over sixty expert researchers will report on their findings from a wide range of fields.

 

Importantly, a glyphosate (Roundup) resistance symposium will be held as part of the conference. In addition, a number of field trips have been planned to demonstrate research topics, community projects & ecosystem recovery.

 

For information go to:  www.18awc.com

 

 

SHEEP BUSINESS SECURITY FORUM

 

Producers are invited to hear how they can protect their sheep business in relation to: Internal and external parasite control; Industrial Relations; National Vendor Declaration

Burrumbeet - 17 October

For more information go to:

http://gallery.mailchimp.com/5381a2f70092cc72dd15e5fdd/files/Burrumbeet_Flyer.pdf

 

 

2012 NOT FOR PROFIT SUMMIT: CHANGE – CHALLENGE & CHOICE

 

Geelong - Thursday 18 October

 

The 2012 NFP Summit offers a unique opportunity for the sector to come together to learn about new ways of working, explore ideas for doing things differently and to keep ahead of change affecting your organisation and community. The day will feature a range of exciting speakers, sector exhibitors, practical workshops and networking. This event is FREE, but registrations are essential.

 

MORE INFORMATION

http://www.dpcd.vic.gov.au/communitydevelopment/community-sector/not-for-profit-summit

Phone: 03 920 83920

Email: communitysector@dpcd.vic.gov.au

 

 

BEHAVIOUR CHANGE FOR SUSTAINABILITY – 3rd National Congress

 

Melbourne: 23-24 October 2012

 

The Behaviour Change for Sustainability Congress brings together a unique and diverse group of corporate and community leaders, policymakers, psychologists, social scientists, program implementers, and organisational experts to to share and develop their expertise and understanding of individual and organisational sustainable behaviour change.

 

The 2012 program focuses on behaviour change in practice. Real world case studies will offer participants a true flavour of what works and what doesn't directly from practitioners working in this field.

 

Key Themes

  • How to reach past the converted
  • Testing practical applications of behaviour change - What has worked / what hasn't
  • Applying effective communication tools and strategy
  • Developing insight into the psychology of change
  • Evaluation - what is best practice and what can we learn?
  • The latest tools, methods, research approaches to behaviour change

 

Early Bird Registration $695. Group rates and non-profit discounts of 25% may apply.

 

For more information go to: http://behaviour-change2012.eventbrite.com/ or call 02 9261 1686.

 

 

2012 CARBON FARMING CONFERENCE AND EXPO!

Dubbo: 23-24 October 2012

 

Government representatives, scientists and innovators will presenters at this conference and expo.

 

For more information go to: http://carbonfarmingconference.com.au/Conference/index.html

 

 

SOCIAL MEDIA – LEGAL & RISK ISSUES

 

Social media - including Facebook, Twitter and other new communication platforms - is an increasingly vital tool for community organisations. While social media can increase the reach of your organisation's messages, and provide new ways to interact with members and the public, it's important for your organisation to understand the risks involved, both legal and to your reputation. Come along to this seminar and find out how you can make the most of social media while avoiding the pitfalls.

 

Melbourne - Wednesday 24 October 2012

Time: 9.30 - 12.30 (registrations open at 9.15)

 

To register for the seminar, go to  http://www.pilch.org.au/Page.aspx?ID=908

 

 

THE ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION REFORM ACT 2012 AND THE AUSTRALAIN CHARITIES NOT-FOR PROFITS COMISSION - REGULATORY UPDATE

 

2012 has seen a great deal of change in the regulatory environment for Victorian not-for-profit community organisations. Our final seminar for 2012 will provide an overview of the changes to the Victorian Incorporated Associations legislative framework and will highlight the particular issues your group needs to consider. Interactive scenarios will illustrate the changes and the potential impact on your organisation. Federal reforms are also underway, and we will outline the scope and operations of the new Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission, which opens its doors on 1 October 2012, and other changes on the horizon for charities and not-for-profits.

 

Date: Wednesday 21 November 2012

Time: 9.30am - 12.30pm (registrations open at 9.15am)

Venue: The Lionel Murphy Centre, 360 Queen Street, Melbourne

 

For more information go to: http://www.pilch.org.au/Page.aspx?ID=917

 

 

 

GET INVOLVED: SUBMISSIONS & CONSULTATIONS

 

CARBON FARMING INITIATIVE METHODOLOGIES  - OPEN FOR COMMENT

 

The following carbon farming methodology proposal  are open for comment

 

  • Human-Induced regeneration of a permanent even-aged native forest

Open for public consultation until 26 September 2012

 

For more information go to http://www.climatechange.gov.au/en/government/initiatives/carbon-farming-initiative/methodology-development/methodologies-under-consideration.aspx

 

NATIONAL FOOD PLAN

 

The aim of the national food plan is to foster a sustainable, globally competitive, resilient food supply that supports access to nutritious and affordable food, including to maintain and improve the natural resource base underpinning food production in Australia.

 

Closing Date: 30 September 2012

 

For more information and how to participate in the consultation process, visit the National Food Plan website at www.daff.gov.au/nationalfoodplan .

 

 

NEW INVASIVE SPECIES LEGISLATION

 

The Department of Primary Industries (DPI) is developing new Invasive Species Management legislation to replace the noxious weeds and pest animal provisions of the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994 and to close the gaps in powers to deal with incursions of taxonomic groups currently not, or only partially, covered by Victoria’s biosecurity legislation.

 

Biosecurity Victoria has prepared a discussion paper outlining the conceptual framework that will be the basis of the new the legislation and is now seeking stakeholder feedback on this proposal. A pdf or hard copy may be obtained by emailing Invasivespecies.Consultation@dpi.vic.gov.au.

 

Closing date Friday 5 October 2012.

 

For more information go to: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/agriculture/pests-diseases-and-weeds/protecting-victoria-pest-animals-weeds/legislation,-policy-and-permits/new-invasive-species-legislation

 

 

ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATIONS - CONSULTATION ON NEW MODEL RULES

 

The proposed Regulations and a regulatory impact statement (RIS) for public consultation are now available for consultation. The proposed Regulations include new Model Rules (contained in Schedule 4) for Victorian incorporated associations that reflect upcoming changes in the law.

 

Closing date 18 October 2012

 

The Associations Incorporation Reform Act 2012 has been passed by the Victorian Parliament, but he Act has a delayed implementation, meaning the changes are not yet applicable and the implementation date has not yet been confirmed. It was expected that the new Act would commence operation on 1 December 2012, but it could be brought into force earlier.

 

We encourage groups currently or considering becoming incorporated in their own right to participate in the consultation process before the final version of the Model Rules is settled. If you could also advise us of any concerns you may have we can see that they are incorporated into our submission as well as any submission you make yourselves.

 

Further information and the draft Regulations (with the Model Rules at Schedule 4) are available on the Consumer Affairs website, at http://www.consumer.vic.gov.au/resources-and-education/legislation/public-consultations-and-reviews/associations-incorporation-reform-regulations-2012-regulatory-impact-statement .

 

Submissions should be emailed to  cav.consultation@justice.vic.gov.au or mailed to:

Incorporated Associations RIS

Consumer Affairs Victoria

GPO Box 123

Melbourne VIC 3001

 

 

VICTORIA’S NATIVE VEGETATION REGULATION

 

Minister for Environment and Climate Change Ryan Smith has released the public consultation paper Future directions for native vegetation in Victoria: Review Of Victoria’s Native Vegetation Permitted Clearing Regulations. The consultation paper is available at www.dse.vic.gov.au/nativevegetation

 

Closing Date: 19 October 2012

 

A series of draft documents detailing the technical and implementation changes to the permitted clearing regulations will be released for public comment later in 2012.

 

 

LANDCARE “COMMUNITY CALL FOR ACTION” RELEASED

 

The “Community Call for Action” which builds on the “Australian Framework for Landcare”, had been released. The framework was developed in 2010 to support the resilience and growth of the Landcare movement up to 2020. Stakeholders and partners are invited to develop their own response strategies and commitments and submit them via the Australian Landcare Council website: http://www.daff.gov.au/natural-resources/landcare/the_australian_landcare_framework or the council’s secretariat at alcsecretariate@daff.gov.au.

 

 

NEWS & RESOURCES

 

 

VICTORIAN LANDCARE PROGRAM STRATEGIC PLAN RELEASED

 

During Landcare Week the Minister for Environment and Climate Change Ryan Smith released the Victorian Landcare Program Strategic Plan, which will guide the Victorian Government support to strengthen Landcare, i.e. the Victorian Landcare Program.

 

The Victorian Landcare Program, managed by the Department of Sustainability and Environment, will provide targeted support to help Landcare groups and networks achieve five key functions – operate effectively, engage the community, collaborate, do on ground works and tell the Landcare story. The Victorian Government, in partnership with the Landcare community, will continue working to achieve the goal of the Victorian Landcare Program, which is to have a shared responsibility for a healthy environment.

 

To read or download the Victorian Landcare Program Strategic Plan go to:  http://www.landcarevic.net.au/resources/landcare-policy/victorian-landcare-program-strategic-plan-1/victorian-landcare-program-strategic-plan/view

 

 

LANDCARE SURVEY RESULTS – THE PULSE OF A MOVEMENT

 

Three surveys including 550 Landcare and related groups, and nearly 1000 primary producers were conducted in April/May 2012 by the National Landcare Facilitator. The surveys were aimed at gauging the health of the Landcare movement, in particular Landcare and related groups, and the attitude of farmers towards Landcare.

 

The results helps to demonstrate that the Landcare movement is firmly embedded in the culture of Australian farming, with a staggering 93% of those farmers surveyed saying that they practiced Landcare on their farms, and 73% saying they feel they are part of Landcare. The top three issues of concern for primary producers were the ever popular Pest & Weeds (43%), Erosion & Soil Health (33%) and Revegetation (23%).

 

For the full survey go to: http://www.landcareonline.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Health-of-Landcare-Movement-Survey-Report-Summary-August-2012.pdf

 

 

NATURAL GRASSLANDS OF THE MURRAY VALLEY PLAINS – EPBC LISTING

 

Natural Grasslands of the Murray Valley Plains has now been listed as a critically endangered ecological community under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

 

The ecological community is known to occur in the following CMA areas: Victoria – Goulburn-Broken, Mallee, North Central, North East, and Wimmera; & NSW – Murray CMA.

 

Summary of the Natural Grasslands of the Murray Valley Plains ecological community:

•           It is a type of naturally treeless grassland occurring on the plains of western and northern Victoria (including the Victorian Riverina), extending into the southern parts of the Riverina in New South Wales.

•           Distribution is primarily in the southern parts of the Riverina Bioregion, with occurrences also on the Wimmera plains of the Murray Darling Depression Bioregion. Other outlying occurrences are also in the Murray Darling Depression Bioregion and the NSW South Western Slopes Bioregion.

•           The approximate northern limit of the ecological community is in the Murrumbidgee subregion (IBRA RIV2), near the northern boundary of the Murray Catchment Management Authority (CMA) in NSW. This is because native grasslands outside this area typically are not natural, rather they are derived from shrublands or woodlands.  The key diagnostic characteristics and condition thresholds specified for the ecological community help to determine the presence of the natural grasslands.

 

Listing information, including the Committee’s advice and an indicative distribution map, can be found at http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicshowcommunity.pl?id=117&status=Critically+Endangered .

 

Listing means that any new or intensified activities that are likely to have a significant impact on the ecological community will need to be referred to the Minister for approval. Ongoing and prior authorised actions, including routine farming activities, are generally exempt. Projects that help landholders protect and restore listed ecological communities regularly prove a good target for Australian Government funding programs, such as Caring for our Country and the Biodiversity Fund.

 

 

YOUTH AND VOLUNTEERING TIP SHEETS

 

The Youth Affairs Council of Victoria has developed some Tip Sheets for volunteer organisations working with young people which can be found at: http://www.yacvic.org.au/sector/sector-list.chtml?title=Resources

 

 

LIFE – LANDCARE IS FOR EVERYONE CAMPAIGN

 

The campaign uses 3D animation to illustrate the diversity of Landcare, demonstrating how working to preserve the land sustains the very species that live on it, and the variety of different ways that people can get involved.  LIFE is about people across Australia getting involved in Landcare in their everyday lives.

 

For more information or to view the community service announcement, visitwww.landcarelife.com.au

 

 

EVOLUTION OF LANDCARE IN AUSTRALIA BY CORAL LOVE

 

Coral Love has had a long and varied history with Landcare and has written this record of the evolution of Landcare in Australia. In bringing this very informative document together, Coral has not only drawn from her extensive personal experiences, but also the experiences of others and a range of reports.

 

For more information go to: http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/2170976/evolution-of-landcare.pdf .

 

CONGRATULATIONS on CARING FOR OUR COUNTRY FUNDING

 

Minister Ludwig announced $10.9 million for 73 projects under the Open Call on 7 June 2012 and $4.9 million for 293 projects under the Community Action Grants on 13 July 2012. The FTLA congratulates FTLA members Beyond Bolac Catchment Action Group and Lismore Land Protection Group for their successful applications under the Open Call and the following groups for their successful applications under the Community Action Grants: Beulah Landcare Group, Boolarra South Landcare Group, Campaspe River & Land Management Group , Cardinia Catchment Landcare Inc, Chiltern Landcare Group, Cudgewa Creek Landcare Group, Dargo Landcare Group, East Moorabool Landcare Group Inc, Far East Victoria Landcare Inc, Geelong Landcare Network, Golden Point Landcare Group, Holbrook Landcare Group, , Hopetoun Landcare Group Incorporated, Lexton Landcare Group Inc, Lismore Land Protection Group, Mccallums Creek Landcare Group, Milawa/Markwood/Oxley Landcare Group, Murrayville Landcare Group, Nagambie Landcare Group Inc, North East Ecological Farmers, Otway Agroforestry Network, Pentland Hills Landcare Group Inc, Phillip Island Land Care Group Inc, Project Platypus Association Inc, Rainbow and District Landcare Group, Regent Honeyeater Project Inc, Southern Otway Landcare Network, Strath Creek Landcare Group, Surf Coast And Inland Plains Network, Ullina Landcare Group, Upper Barwon Landcare Network, Upper Ovens Valley Landcare Group, and Woomelang Lascelles Landcare Group,

 

 

THE WEED'S NEWS

To access The Weed's News email digest for September 14, 2012 through to September 20, 2012 go to: www.weedsnetwork.com

---

 

These newsletters are compiled from many sources, and thank-you to those who supplied the information.